Malvinas. Argentine Foreign Policy (1989-2015)

The objective of this paper is to investigate Argentina's foreign policy towards the Malvinas Islands during the period from the presidency of Carlos Menem to the mandates of Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. The history of Argentine international relations can be understood a...

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Main Author: Martínez del Pezzo, Alberto
Format: Online
Language: spa
Published: Centro de Estudios Avanzados 2017
Online Access: https://revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/restudios/article/view/17164
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spelling revistas-unc.article-171642019-06-20T22:41:35Z Malvinas. Argentine Foreign Policy (1989-2015) Malvinas. Política exterior argentina (1989-2015) Martínez del Pezzo, Alberto Malvinas; pendulum; sovereignty; strategies Malvinas; péndulo; soberanía; estrategias The objective of this paper is to investigate Argentina's foreign policy towards the Malvinas Islands during the period from the presidency of Carlos Menem to the mandates of Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. The history of Argentine international relations can be understood as a pendulum, at one extreme we find the strong rapprochement to certain hegemonic countries while, on the other, we observe an approximation towards the countries of Latin America. In the analysis of the mentioned period we will pose the following questions: How is each side of the pendulum characterized and what were the reasons for this positioning in the indicated period? What were the strategies that were proposed based on one positioning or another with respect to the Malvinas question? And finally, we will investigate the dynamics of these strategies in relation to costs and benefits for Argentina. The hypothesis presented here is that Argentina's strategy of claims and confrontation over the sovereignty conflict between 2003 and 2015 achieved a better position at the global level in its support than that designed in the 1990s with a proposal for negotiation and intervention by the United States.The objective of this work is to investigate Argentine foreign policy with respect to the Malvinas Islands, during the period between the presidency of Carlos Menem and the mandates of Nestor Kirchner and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. The history of Argentine international relations can be understood as a pendulum, at one extreme we observe a strong approach to certain hegemonic countries while on the other, we see an approach to the countries of Latin America. In the analysis we will try to answer the following questions: how each side of the pendulum is characterized and what were the reasons for that position in the mentioned period? What were the strategies that were raised on the basis of a position or the other with respect to the Malvinas question? And finally, we inquire about the dynamics of these strategies in relation to the costs and benefits for Argentina. The hypothesis presented here is that the strategy in seeking regional support from Argentina on the sovereignty dispute, achieved a better position worldwide in their claims. Otherwise, during the 1990s, with the approach of "carnal relations" has not achieved more than some enhancements without substantial results in the central pose, the discussion on sovereignty of the islands. El objetivo de este trabajo es indagar sobre la política exterior argentina con respecto a las Islas Malvinas, durante el periodo que abarca desde la presidencia de Carlos Menem hasta los mandatos de Néstor Kirchner y Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. La historia de las relaciones internacionales argentinas puede entenderse a modo de péndulo, en un extremo encontramos el fuerte acercamiento a determinados países hegemónicos mientras que, por el otro, observamos una aproximación hacia los países de América Latina. En el análisis del período mencionado plantearemos los siguientes interrogantes: ¿Cómo se caracteriza cada lado del péndulo y cuáles fueron los motivos para dicho posicionamiento en el período indicado? ¿Cuáles fueron las estrategias que se plantearon en base a un posicionamiento u otro con respecto a la cuestión Malvinas? Y finalmente indagaremos acerca de la dinámica de dichas estrategias en relación con los costos y beneficios para la Argentina. La hipótesis que aquí se presenta es que la estrategia de reclamos y confrontación por parte de la Argentina sobre el conflicto de soberanía en los años 2003 al 2015 logró un mejor posicionamiento a nivel mundial en sus apoyos que aquella diseñada en la década de 1990 con un planteo de negociación e intervención de Estados Unidos. Centro de Estudios Avanzados 2017-06-10 info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion application/pdf https://revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/restudios/article/view/17164 10.31050/1852.1568.n36.17164 Estudios digital; Núm. 36 (2016): Argentina: Política exterior y relaciones internacionales; 121-140 1852-1568 0328-185X 10.31050/1852.1568.n36 spa https://revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/restudios/article/view/17164/16787 https://revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/restudios/article/downloadSuppFile/17164/4428 /*ref*/BOLOGNA, Alfredo, (1995), “Malvinas en la Agenda de Política Exterior Argentina Revista”,Revista de Relaciones InternacionalesNº 9. UNLP. /*ref*/BOLOGNA, Alfredo, (2006),“La cuestión Malvinas una mirada desde lo económico”, en: La política exterior del gobierno de Kirchner. Rosario: CERIR. /*ref*/BOLOGNA, Alfredo (Dir.), (2010), La Política Exterior del gobierno de Cristina Fernández: apreciaciones promediando su mandato de Kirchner. Rosario: UNR. /*ref*/CORIGLIANO, Francisco, (2000),“‘Las "relaciones carnales’: Los vínculos con las grandes potencias, 1989-2000” en ESCUDÉ, Carlos y CISNEROS, Andrés, Historia General de las Relaciones Exteriores de la República Argentina (Tomo XV). /*ref*/ESCUDÉ, Carlos. (1986), La Argentina vs las Grandes Potencias. Buenos Aires: Belgrano. /*ref*/ESCUDÉ, Carlos, (1992),Realismo periférico: Bases teóricas para una nueva política exterior argentina.Buenos Aires: Planeta. /*ref*/ESCUDÉ, Carlos, (2012), Principios de Realismo Periférico. Buenos Aires: GIL, Sebastián, (1999), Las islas Malvinas y la Política Exterior Argentina durante los 90s, Consejo Argentino para las Relaciones Internacionales. Buenos Aires: CARI. /*ref*/JAGUARIBE, Helio, (1979), “Autonomía Periférica y Hegemonía céntrica” ponencia presentada en el seminario “América Latina y el Nuevo Orden Económico Internacional”, en:Estudios Internacionales del Instituto de Estudios InternacionalesVol 12, Nº 46, Universidad de Chile. Disponible en: http://www.revistaei.uchile.cl/index.php/REI/article/view/16458 /*ref*/MELO, Artemio Luis, (2000), La cuestión Malvinas: situación actual, en Ponencias, Años V – VI, Nº 8-11, Instituto Estanislao Zeballos de Estudios Internacionales. CONICET, Cerider. pp. 43-72. /*ref*/PUIG, Juan Carlos, (1983), Malvinas y el Régimen Internacional. Buenos Aires: Depalma. /*ref*/SIMONOFF, Alejandro, (2003), “La interpretación del pasado como eje de disputa de la política exterior actual: de Puig a Escudé”, en:Relaciones Internacionales N° 25. Copyright (c) 2016 Estudios digital http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
institution Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
collection Portal de Revistas
language spa
format Online
author Martínez del Pezzo, Alberto
spellingShingle Martínez del Pezzo, Alberto
Malvinas. Argentine Foreign Policy (1989-2015)
author_sort Martínez del Pezzo, Alberto
title Malvinas. Argentine Foreign Policy (1989-2015)
title_short Malvinas. Argentine Foreign Policy (1989-2015)
title_full Malvinas. Argentine Foreign Policy (1989-2015)
title_fullStr Malvinas. Argentine Foreign Policy (1989-2015)
title_full_unstemmed Malvinas. Argentine Foreign Policy (1989-2015)
title_sort malvinas. argentine foreign policy (1989-2015)
description The objective of this paper is to investigate Argentina's foreign policy towards the Malvinas Islands during the period from the presidency of Carlos Menem to the mandates of Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. The history of Argentine international relations can be understood as a pendulum, at one extreme we find the strong rapprochement to certain hegemonic countries while, on the other, we observe an approximation towards the countries of Latin America. In the analysis of the mentioned period we will pose the following questions: How is each side of the pendulum characterized and what were the reasons for this positioning in the indicated period? What were the strategies that were proposed based on one positioning or another with respect to the Malvinas question? And finally, we will investigate the dynamics of these strategies in relation to costs and benefits for Argentina. The hypothesis presented here is that Argentina's strategy of claims and confrontation over the sovereignty conflict between 2003 and 2015 achieved a better position at the global level in its support than that designed in the 1990s with a proposal for negotiation and intervention by the United States.The objective of this work is to investigate Argentine foreign policy with respect to the Malvinas Islands, during the period between the presidency of Carlos Menem and the mandates of Nestor Kirchner and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. The history of Argentine international relations can be understood as a pendulum, at one extreme we observe a strong approach to certain hegemonic countries while on the other, we see an approach to the countries of Latin America. In the analysis we will try to answer the following questions: how each side of the pendulum is characterized and what were the reasons for that position in the mentioned period? What were the strategies that were raised on the basis of a position or the other with respect to the Malvinas question? And finally, we inquire about the dynamics of these strategies in relation to the costs and benefits for Argentina. The hypothesis presented here is that the strategy in seeking regional support from Argentina on the sovereignty dispute, achieved a better position worldwide in their claims. Otherwise, during the 1990s, with the approach of "carnal relations" has not achieved more than some enhancements without substantial results in the central pose, the discussion on sovereignty of the islands.
publisher Centro de Estudios Avanzados
publishDate 2017
url https://revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/restudios/article/view/17164
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