Alexis de Tocqueville

1850 portrait by [[Théodore Chassériau]] Alexis Charles-Henri-Maurice Clérel, Viscount de Tocqueville (; ; 29 July 180516 April 1859) was a French diplomat, political scientist and historian. He is best known for his works ''Democracy in America'' (appearing in two volumes, 1835 and 1840) and ''The Old Regime and the Revolution'' (1856). In both, he analyzed the improved living standards and social conditions of individuals as well as their relationship to the market and state in Western societies. ''Democracy in America'' was published after Tocqueville's travels in the United States and is today considered an early work of sociology and political science.

Tocqueville was active in French politics, first under the July Monarchy (1830–1848) and then during the Second Republic (1849–1851) which succeeded the February 1848 Revolution. He retired from political life after Louis Napoléon Bonaparte's 2 December 1851 coup and thereafter began work on ''The Old Regime and the Revolution''. Tocqueville argued the importance of the French Revolution was to continue the process of modernizing and centralizing the French state which had begun under King Louis XIV. The failure of the Revolution came from the inexperience of the deputies who were too wedded to abstract Enlightenment ideals.

Tocqueville was a classical liberal who advocated parliamentary government and was skeptical of the extremes of democracy. During his time in parliament, he sat on the centre-left, but the complex and restless nature of his liberalism has led to contrasting interpretations and admirers across the political spectrum. Regarding his political position, Tocqueville wrote "the word 'left' is...the word I wanted to attach to my name so that it would remain attached to it forever." Provided by Wikipedia
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Democracy in América
Biblioteca Mayor
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Biblioteca Digital Hispánica
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Quince días en el desierto americano
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
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L'Antico regime e la Rivoluzione
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Correspondencia
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Democracy in America
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Democracy in America
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De la démocratie en Amerique les grands themes
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
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La democracia en América
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La democracia en América
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
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Democracy in America
Facultad de Lenguas
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La democracia en América
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
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La democracia en América
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La democracia en América
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
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