José Martí

José Julián Martí Pérez (; January 28, 1853 – May 19, 1895) was a Cuban poet, philosopher, essayist, journalist, translator, professor, and publisher, who is considered a Cuban national hero because of his role in the liberation of his country. He was also an important figure in Latin American literature. He was very politically active and is considered an important revolutionary philosopher and political theorist. Through his writings and political activity, he became a symbol of Cuba's bid for independence from the Spanish Empire in the 19th century, and is referred to as the "Apostle of Cuban Independence". From adolescence, he dedicated his life to the promotion of liberty, political independence for Cuba, and intellectual independence for all Spanish Americans; his death was used as a cry for Cuban independence from Spain by both the Cuban revolutionaries and those Cubans previously reluctant to start a revolt.

Born in Havana, Martí began his political activism at an early age. He traveled extensively in Spain, Latin America, and the United States, raising awareness and support for the cause of Cuban independence. His unification of the Cuban émigré community, particularly in Florida, was crucial to the success of the Cuban War of Independence against Spain. He was a key figure in the planning and execution of this war, as well as the designer of the Cuban Revolutionary Party and its ideology. He died in military action during the Battle of Dos Ríos on May 19, 1895. Martí is considered one of the great turn-of-the-century Latin American intellectuals. His written works include a series of poems, essays, letters, lectures, novel, and a children's magazine.

He wrote for numerous Latin American and American newspapers; he also founded a number of newspapers. His newspaper ''Patria'' was an important instrument in his campaign for Cuban independence. After his death, one of his poems from the book, ''Versos Sencillos (Simple Verses)'' was adapted to the song "Guantanamera", which has become the definitive patriotic song of Cuba. The concepts of freedom, liberty, and democracy are prominent themes in all of his works, which were influential on the Nicaraguan poet Rubén Darío and the Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral. Following the 1959 Cuban Revolution, Martí's ideology became a major driving force in Cuban politics. He is also regarded as Cuba's "martyr." Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 of 89 for search: 'Marti, Jose', query time: 0.11s
1
Manifiesto de montecristi, 1895
Derecho y Cs. Sociales
Article
2
Los dos ruiseñores
Escuela Superior de Comercio Manuel Belgrano
Article
3
by Martí, José
Published 1948
Book
4
by Martí, José
Published 1989
Book
5
by Martí, José
Published 1985
Book
6
Paginas de jose marti
Escuela Superior de Comercio Manuel Belgrano
by Marti, Jose
Published 1963
Book
7
Vibra el aire y retumba
Escuela Superior de Comercio Manuel Belgrano
by Marti, Jose
Published 1998
Book
8
by Marti, Jose
Published 1965
Book
9
Obras completas tomo xxii fragmentos
Colegio Nacional de Monserrat
by Marti, Jose
Published 1965
Book
10
by Marti, Jose
Published 1965
Book
11
Obras completas tomo xxiv traducciones i
Colegio Nacional de Monserrat
by Marti, Jose
Published 1965
Book
12
Obras completas tomo xxv traducciones II
Colegio Nacional de Monserrat
by Marti, Jose
Published 1965
Book
13
by Marti, Jose
Published 1963
Book
14
by Marti, Jose
Published 1963
Book
15
by Marti, Jose
Published 1963
Book
16
by Marti, Jose
Published 1963
Book
17
by Marti, Jose
Published 1963
Book
18
by Marti, Jose
Published 1963
Book
19
Obras completas tomo VI nuestra América i
Colegio Nacional de Monserrat
by Marti, Jose
Published 1963
Book
20
by Marti, Jose
Published 1963
Book
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