David Hume

Portrait by [[Allan Ramsay (artist)|Allan Ramsay]] David Hume (; born David Home; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, scepticism, and naturalism. Beginning with ''A Treatise of Human Nature'' (1739–40), Hume strove to create a naturalistic science of man that examined the psychological basis of human nature. Hume argued against the existence of innate ideas, positing that all human knowledge derives solely from experience. This places him with Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and George Berkeley, as a British Empiricist.

Hume argued that inductive reasoning and belief in causality cannot be justified rationally; instead, they result from custom and mental habit. We never actually perceive that one event causes another, but only experience the "constant conjunction" of events. This problem of induction means that to draw any causal inferences from past experience it is necessary to presuppose that the future will resemble the past, a presupposition which cannot itself be grounded in prior experience.

An opponent of philosophical rationalists, Hume held that passions rather than reason govern human behaviour, famously proclaiming that "Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions". Hume was also a sentimentalist who held that ethics are based on emotion or sentiment rather than abstract moral principle. He maintained an early commitment to naturalistic explanations of moral phenomena, and is usually taken to have first clearly expounded the is–ought problem, or the idea that a statement of fact alone can never give rise to a normative conclusion of what ''ought'' to be done.

Hume also denied that humans have an actual conception of the self, positing that we experience only a bundle of sensations, and that the self is nothing more than this bundle of causally-connected perceptions. Hume's compatibilist theory of free will takes causal determinism as fully compatible with human freedom. His views on philosophy of religion, including his rejection of miracles and the argument from design for God's existence, were especially controversial for their time.

Hume influenced utilitarianism, logical positivism, the philosophy of science, early analytic philosophy, cognitive science, theology, and many other fields and thinkers. Immanuel Kant credited Hume as the inspiration who had awakened him from his "dogmatic slumbers". Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 of 39 for search: 'Hume, David, 1711-1776', query time: 0.07s
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by Hume, David, 1711-1776.
Published 1873
Book
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by Hume, David, 1711-1776.
Published 1939
Book
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Del conocimiento : selección
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 1956
Book
5
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 1957
Book
6
Investigaçao acerca do entendimento humano
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 1972
Book
7
Investigación sobre la moral
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 1945
Book
8
The philosophical work
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 1964
Book
9
Selección de textos
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 1939
Book
10
Storia naturale della religione : e saggion suicidio
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 1928
Book
11
A treatise of human nature
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 1958
Book
12
A treatise of human nature
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 1956
Book
13
Investigación sobre la moral
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 2003
Book
14
Ensayos políticos
Biblioteca Mayor
by Hume, David, 1711-1776.
Published 1982
Book
15
Ensayos políticos
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 2010
Book
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by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 2009
Book
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Investigación sobre el conocimiento humano
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 2010
Book
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Investigación sobre los principios de la moral
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 2015
Book
19
Investigación sobre el entendimiento humano
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Hume, David, 1711-1776
Published 2010
Book
20
by Hume, David, 1711-1776.
Published 1984
Book
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