Antonio Gramsci

Gramsci in 1916 Antonio Francesco Gramsci (, ; ; 22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian Marxist philosopher, journalist, linguist, writer and politician. He wrote on philosophy, political theory, sociology, history and linguistics. He was a founding member and one-time leader of the Communist Party of Italy and was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini's Fascist regime.

Gramsci wrote more than 30 notebooks and 3,000 pages of history and analysis during his imprisonment. His ''Prison Notebooks'' are considered a highly original contribution to 20th-century political theory. Gramsci drew insights from varying sources – not only other Marxists but also thinkers such as Niccolò Machiavelli, Vilfredo Pareto, Georges Sorel and Benedetto Croce. The notebooks cover a wide range of topics, including Italian history and nationalism, the French Revolution, fascism, Taylorism and Fordism, civil society, folklore, religion and high and popular culture.

Gramsci is best known for his theory of cultural hegemony, which describes how the state and ruling capitalist class – the bourgeoisie – use cultural institutions to maintain power in capitalist societies. The bourgeoisie, in Gramsci's view, develops a hegemonic culture using ideology rather than violence, economic force, or coercion. Hegemonic culture propagates its own values and norms so that they become the "common sense" values of all and thus maintain the ''status quo''. Cultural hegemony is therefore used to maintain consent to the capitalist order, rather than the use of force to maintain order. This cultural hegemony is produced and reproduced by the dominant class through the institutions that form the superstructure.

Gramsci also attempted to break from the economic determinism of traditional Marxist thought, and so is sometimes described as a neo-Marxist. He held a humanistic understanding of Marxism, seeing it as a "philosophy of praxis" and an "absolute historicism" that transcends traditional materialism and traditional idealism. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 of 79 for search: 'Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937', query time: 0.12s
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by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937.
Published 2013
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by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937.
Published 2009
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by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1998
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Antología
Biblioteca Mayor
by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937.
Published 2014
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by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1986
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by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1955
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Antología
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1970
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Cultura y literatura
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1967
Book
9
L'ordine nuevo : 1919-1920
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1955
Book
10
Scritti giovanili : 1914-1918
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1958
Book
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El risorgimento
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 2008
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Introducción al estudio de la filosofía
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1985
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Cultura y literatura
Facultad de Artes
by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1973
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by Gramsci, Antonio 1891-1937
Published 1991
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15
Cartas a sus hijos desde la cárcel
Facultad de Comunicación Social
by Gramsci, Antonio 1891-1937
Published 2010
Subjects: '; ...Gramsci, Antonio 1891-1937 1150...
Book
16
Antología
Facultad de Comunicación Social
by Gramsci, Antonio 1891-1937
Published 2011
Subjects: '; ...1150 Gramsci, Antonio 1891-1937...
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by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1991
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by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937.
Published 1962
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by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937.
Published 1972
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Cuadernos de la cárcel
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Gramsci, Antonio, 1891-1937
Published 1981
Book
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