Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud by Max Halberstadt, {{circa}} 1921<ref>{{cite web |last=Halberstadt |first=Max |url=https://www.loc.gov/item/98514770/ |title=Sigmund Freud, half-length portrait, facing left, holding cigar in right hand |date=c. 1921 |website=[[Library of Congress]] |accessdate=June 8, 2017 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20171228054049/https://www.loc.gov/item/98514770/ |archivedate=28 December 2017 |df=dmy-all }}</ref> Sigmund Freud ( ; ; born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austrian Empire. He qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1881 at the University of Vienna. Upon completing his habilitation in 1885, he was appointed a docent in neuropathology and became an affiliated professor in 1902. Freud lived and worked in Vienna, having set up his clinical practice there in 1886. In 1938, Freud left Austria to escape the Nazis. He died in exile in the United Kingdom in 1939.

In founding psychoanalysis, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, establishing its central role in the analytic process. Freud's redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory. His analysis of dreams as wish-fulfillments provided him with models for the clinical analysis of symptom formation and the underlying mechanisms of repression. On this basis Freud elaborated his theory of the unconscious and went on to develop a model of psychic structure comprising id, ego and super-ego. Freud postulated the existence of libido, a sexualised energy with which mental processes and structures are invested and which generates erotic attachments, and a death drive, the source of compulsive repetition, hate, aggression and neurotic guilt. In his later works, Freud developed a wide-ranging interpretation and critique of religion and culture.

Though in overall decline as a diagnostic and clinical practice, psychoanalysis remains influential within psychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy, and across the humanities. It thus continues to generate extensive and highly contested debate with regard to its therapeutic efficacy, its scientific status, and whether it advances or is detrimental to the feminist cause. Nonetheless, Freud's work has suffused contemporary Western thought and popular culture. W. H. Auden's 1940 poetic tribute to Freud describes him as having created "a whole climate of opinion / under whom we conduct our different lives." Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 of 107 for search: 'Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939', query time: 0.07s
1
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 2015
Texto Completo
Texto Completo en web
Book
2
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939.
Published 1925
Book
6
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1950
Book
7
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1949
Book
8
L'avenir d'une illusion
Biblioteca Mayor
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1995
Book
10
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1998
Book
11
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939.
Published 1979
Book
12
The Basic Writings of Sigmund Freud
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1938
Book
13
Compendio de la Standard Edition
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1976
Book
14
A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1962
Book
15
The major works
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1952
Book
16
Obras completas
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1981
Book
17
Obras completas
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1943
Book
18
Sexualidad infantil y neurosis
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1984
Book
19
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1950
Book
20
Le réve et son interprétation
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1971
Book
Search Tools: Get RSS Feed