Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud by Max Halberstadt, {{circa}} 1921<ref>{{cite web |last=Halberstadt |first=Max |url=https://www.loc.gov/item/98514770/ |title=Sigmund Freud, half-length portrait, facing left, holding cigar in right hand |date=c. 1921 |website=[[Library of Congress]] |accessdate=8 June 2017 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20171228054049/https://www.loc.gov/item/98514770/ |archivedate=28 December 2017}}</ref> Sigmund Freud ( ; ; born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austrian Empire. He qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1881 at the University of Vienna. Upon completing his habilitation in 1885, he was appointed a docent in neuropathology and became an affiliated professor in 1902. Freud lived and worked in Vienna, having set up his clinical practice there in 1886. In 1938, Freud left Austria to escape Nazi persecution. He died in exile in the United Kingdom in 1939.

In founding psychoanalysis, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, establishing its central role in the analytic process. Freud's redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory. His analysis of dreams as wish-fulfillments provided him with models for the clinical analysis of symptom formation and the underlying mechanisms of repression. On this basis Freud elaborated his theory of the unconscious and went on to develop a model of psychic structure comprising id, ego and super-ego. Freud postulated the existence of libido, a sexualised energy with which mental processes and structures are invested and which generates erotic attachments, and a death drive, the source of compulsive repetition, hate, aggression and neurotic guilt. In his later works, Freud developed a wide-ranging interpretation and critique of religion and culture.

Though in overall decline as a diagnostic and clinical practice, psychoanalysis remains influential within psychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy, and across the humanities. It thus continues to generate extensive and highly contested debate with regard to its therapeutic efficacy, its scientific status, and whether it advances or hinders the feminist cause. Nonetheless, Freud's work has suffused contemporary Western thought and popular culture. 1940 poetic tribute to Freud describes him as having created "a whole climate of opinion / under whom we conduct our different lives." Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 of 109 for search: 'Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939', query time: 0.11s
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by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939.
Published 1925
Book
5
A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1962
Book
6
Sexualidad infantil y neurosis
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1984
Book
7
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 2011
Book
8
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1981
Book
9
Totem y Tabú
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1936
Book
10
Psicología de la vida erótica
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1935
Book
11
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1971
Book
12
Los textos fundamentales del psicoanálisis
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1988
Book
13
Escritos sobre la cocaína
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1999
Book
14
Cartas a Wilhelm Fließ 1887-1904
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1994
Book
15
Esquema del psicoanálisis
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1976
Book
16
La histeria
Biblioteca Mayor
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939.
Published 1980
Book
17
La Interpretación de los sueños I-II
Facultad de Comunicación Social
by Freud, Sigmund 1856-1939
Published 1985
Book
18
Moisés y la religión monoteísta
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1945
Book
19
La interpretación de los sueños
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
Published 1985
Book
20
by Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939.
Published 2010
Book
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