Argentina

Argentina (), officially the Argentine Republic (), is a country in the southern half of South America. It shares the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, and is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. Argentina covers an area of , and is the largest Spanish-speaking nation in the world. It is the second-largest country in South America after Brazil, the fourth-largest country in the Americas, and the eighth-largest country in the world. Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital and largest city of the nation, Buenos Aires. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over a part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

The earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence (1810–1818) was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration, mainly Italians and Spaniards, radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook; 62.5% of the population has full or partial Italian ancestry, and the Argentine culture has significant connections to the Italian culture.

The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh-wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. According to the Maddison Historical Statistics Project, Argentina had the world's highest real GDP per capita during 1895 and 1896, and was consistently in the top ten before at least 1920. Currently, it is ranked 71st in the world. Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, although it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow and vice president, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency. She was overthrown in 1976 by a military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered thousands of political critics, activists, and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism and civil unrest that lasted over until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as president in 1983.

Argentina ranks very high in the Human Development Index, the second-highest in Latin America after Chile. It is a regional power, and retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. It maintains the second-largest economy in South America, and is a member of G-15 and G20. Argentina is also a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Mercosur, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 of 10,293 for search: 'Argentina', query time: 0.05s
1
Código penal
Colegio Nacional de Monserrat
by ARGENTINA
Published 2010
Book
2
by ARGENTINA
Published 2008
Book
3
Constitución de la Nación Argentina
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Argentina
Published 1961
Book
4
by Argentina
Published 1894
Book
5
by Argentina
Published 1842
Book
6
by Argentina
Published 1983
Subjects: '; ...EDUCACION ARGENTINA...
Book
7
Constitución de la nación Argentina
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Argentina
Published 1962
Book
8
by ARGENTINA
Published 2016
Book
9
by Argentina, República
Published 2019
... universitaria de Argentina, América Latina y los socios estratégicos europeos, esta semana está dedicada a...
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10
by Argentina, República
Published 2019
... universitaria de Argentina, América Latina y los socios estratégicos europeos, esta semana está dedicada a...
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11
by Argentina. Límites
Published 1878
Book
12
by Argentina. Ejercito
Published 1951
Book
13
by Argentina. Leyes
Published 1991
Subjects: '; ...EDUCACION ARGENTINA 189...
Book
14
by Argentina. Presidente
Published 1973
Subjects: '; ...PRESIDENCIAS ARGENTINAS...
Book
15
Perón habla a los trabajadores sindicalismo y política
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Argentina. Presidente
Published 1973
Subjects: '; ...PRESIDENCIAS ARGENTINAS...
Book
16
Perón habla al campo
Filosofía y Humanidades / Psicología
by Argentina. Presidente
Published 1973
Subjects: '; ...PRESIDENCIAS ARGENTINAS...
Book
17
by Argentina. Presidente
Published 1973
Subjects: '; ...PRESIDENCIAS ARGENTINAS...
Book
18
Ley nacional de empleo (24013) y ley de accid
Escuela Superior de Comercio Manuel Belgrano
by Argentina , Leyes
Published 1992
Book
19
Ley nacional de empleo (24013) y ley de accid
Escuela Superior de Comercio Manuel Belgrano
by Argentina ,leyes
Published 1992
Book
20
Ley de entidades financieras, numero 21.526
Escuela Superior de Comercio Manuel Belgrano
by Argentina , Leyes
Published 1977
Book
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